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Environ Res. 2015 May;139:31-5. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.02.013. Epub 2015 Mar 20.

Analysis of river health variation under the background of urbanization based on entropy weight and matter-element model: A case study in Huzhou City in the Yangtze River Delta, China.

Author information

1
School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China.
2
School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China. Electronic address: xuyp305@163.com.

Abstract

Maintaining the health of the river ecosystem is an essential ecological and environmental guarantee for regional sustainable development and one of the basic objectives in water resource management. With the rapid development of urbanization, the river health situation is deteriorating, especially in urban areas. The river health evaluation is a complex process that involves various natural and social components; eight eco-hydrological indicators were selected to establish an evaluation system, and the variation of river health status under the background of urbanization was explored based on entropy weight and matter-element model. The comprehensive correlative degrees of urban river health of Huzhou City in 2001, 2006 and 2010 were then calculated. The results indicated that river health status of the study area was in the direction of pathological trend, and the impact of limiting factors (such as Shannon's diversity index and agroforestry output growth rate) played an important role in river health. The variation of maximum correlative degree could be classified into stationary status, deterioration status, deterioration-to-improvement status, and improvement-to-deterioration status. There was a severe deterioration situation of river health under the background of urbanization.

KEYWORDS:

Entropy weight; Matter-element model; River health; Urbanization; Yangtze River Delta

PMID:
25798876
DOI:
10.1016/j.envres.2015.02.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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