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J Couns Psychol. 2015 Jul;62(3):453-463. doi: 10.1037/cou0000071. Epub 2015 Mar 23.

Mediators between self-criticism and depression: Fear of compassion, self-compassion, and importance to others.

Author information

1
POSTECH Counseling Center, Pohang University of Science and Technology.
2
Counseling and Student Personnel Psychology, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities.

Abstract

This study was an investigation of the relationships between internalized self-criticism and depression and between comparative self-criticism and depression as these relationships are mediated by the fear of self-compassion, fear of compassion from others, self-compassion, and the perception that one is important to others. To examine these relationships, data were gathered via online survey methods from 206 university students at a large public Midwestern university in the United States. The Self-Criticism/Compassion Mediation Model, in which internalized and comparative self-criticism were both modeled to predict depression, was built and tested via structural equation modeling (SEM). In the presence of 4 competing models, this model effectively modeled relationships among the study variables. In the Self-Criticism/Compassion Mediation Model, the fear of self-compassion, and the perception that one is important to others serially mediated the relationship between comparative self-criticism and depression. Additionally, self-compassion partially mediated both the relationship between internalized self-criticism and depression, and the relationship between comparative self-criticism and depression. Implications include the use of the model as a guide to developing evidence-based practice for highly self-critical, depressed clients.

PMID:
25798874
DOI:
10.1037/cou0000071
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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