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Am J Med Genet. 1985 Feb;20(2):361-8.

Marker chromosomes: cytogenetic characterization and implications for prenatal diagnosis.


Satellited marker chromosomes were identified in four individuals from unrelated families; one was first encountered in cultured amniotic fluid cells obtained for prenatal diagnostic studies. We present cytogenetic characterization of these marker chromosomes and clinical findings in the individuals carrying them. Identification of a marker chromosome in amniotic fluid cell cultures presents problems in genetic counseling, as it is often difficult to determine the clinical significance of such a finding. Chromosome-banding techniques now allow the precise identification of satellited marker chromosomes originating from chromosome 15. Presence of a supernumerary bisatellited der(15) marker chromosome containing the proximal long arm of 15 has been associated with mental and developmental retardation. Application of chromosome-banding techniques was useful in characterization of the marker chromosomes and providing prenatal genetic counseling.

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