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Dev Biol. 2015 Jun 1;402(1):48-60. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2015.02.023. Epub 2015 Mar 18.

Onecut1 and Onecut2 transcription factors operate downstream of Pax6 to regulate horizontal cell development.

Author information

1
Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 14420 Prague 4, Czech Republic. Electronic address: lucie.klimova@img.cas.cz.
2
Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 14420 Prague 4, Czech Republic. Electronic address: barbora.antosova@img.cas.cz.
3
Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 14420 Prague 4, Czech Republic. Electronic address: kuzelova@img.cas.cz.
4
Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 14420 Prague 4, Czech Republic. Electronic address: hynek.strnad@img.cas.cz.
5
Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 14420 Prague 4, Czech Republic. Electronic address: zbynek.kozmik@img.cas.cz.

Abstract

Genetic studies of the last decades strongly indicated that generation of particular retinal cell types is governed by gene regulatory networks of transcription factors and their target genes. The paired and homeodomain transcription factor Pax6 plays a pivotal role in retinal development as its inactivation in the retinal progenitor cell population leads to abolished differentiation of all retinal cell types. However, until now, only a few transcription factors operating downstream of Pax6 responsible for generation of individual retinal cell types have been identified. In this study, we identified two transcription factors of the Onecut family, Onecut1 and Onecut2, as Pax6 downstream-acting factors. Onecut1 and Onecut2 were previously shown to be expressed in developing horizontal cells, retinal ganglion cells and cone photoreceptors; however, their role in differentiation of these cell types is poorly understood. In this study, we show that the horizontal cell genesis is severely disturbed in Onecut-deficient retinae. In single Onecut1 and Onecut2 mutants, the number of horizontal cells is dramatically reduced while horizontal cells are completely missing in the Onecut1/Onecut2 compound mutant. Analysis of genes involved in the horizontal cell genesis such as Foxn4, Ptf1a, Prox1 and Lim1 showed that although horizontal cells are initially formed, they are not maintained in Onecut-deficient retinae. Taken together, this study suggests the model in which Pax6 regulates the maintenance of horizontal cells through the activation of Onecut1 and Onecut2 transcription factors.

KEYWORDS:

Horizontal cell; Onecut; Pax6; Retina

PMID:
25794677
DOI:
10.1016/j.ydbio.2015.02.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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