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PLoS One. 2015 Mar 20;10(3):e0118881. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118881. eCollection 2015.

Homologous and heterologous protection of nonhuman primates by Ebola and Sudan virus-like particles.

Author information

1
Integrated Biotherapeutics, Inc., Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America.
2
United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America.

Abstract

Filoviruses cause hemorrhagic fever resulting in significant morbidity and mortality in humans. Several vaccine platforms that include multiple virus-vectored approaches and virus-like particles (VLPs) have shown efficacy in nonhuman primates. Previous studies have shown protection of cynomolgus macaques against homologous infection for Ebola virus (EBOV) and Marburg virus (MARV) following a three-dose vaccine regimen of EBOV or MARV VLPs, as well as heterologous protection against Ravn Virus (RAVV) following vaccination with MARV VLPs. The objectives of the current studies were to determine the minimum number of vaccine doses required for protection (using EBOV as the test system) and then demonstrate protection against Sudan virus (SUDV) and Taï Forest virus (TAFV). Using the EBOV nonhuman primate model, we show that one or two doses of VLP vaccine can confer protection from lethal infection. VLPs containing the SUDV glycoprotein, nucleoprotein and VP40 matrix protein provide complete protection against lethal SUDV infection in macaques. Finally, we demonstrate protective efficacy mediated by EBOV, but not SUDV, VLPs against TAFV; this is the first demonstration of complete cross-filovirus protection using a single component heterologous vaccine within the Ebolavirus genus. Along with our previous results, this observation provides strong evidence that it will be possible to develop and administer a broad-spectrum VLP-based vaccine that will protect against multiple filoviruses by combining only three EBOV, SUDV and MARV components.

PMID:
25793502
PMCID:
PMC4368629
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0118881
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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