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Cogn Psychol. 2015 May;78:1-27. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2015.02.002. Epub 2015 Mar 16.

Language knowledge and event knowledge in language use.

Author information

1
Indiana University, United States. Electronic address: jwillits@indiana.edu.
2
Clearway Minnesota, United States.
3
University of Wisconsin Madison, United States.

Abstract

This paper examines how semantic knowledge is used in language comprehension and in making judgments about events in the world. We contrast knowledge gleaned from prior language experience ("language knowledge") and knowledge coming from prior experience with the world ("world knowledge"). In two corpus analyses, we show that previous research linking verb aspect and event representations have confounded language and world knowledge. Then, using carefully chosen stimuli that remove this confound, we performed four experiments that manipulated the degree to which language knowledge or world knowledge should be salient and relevant to performing a task, finding in each case that participants use the type of knowledge most appropriate to the task. These results provide evidence for a highly context-sensitive and interactionist perspective on how semantic knowledge is represented and used during language processing.

KEYWORDS:

Event representation; Language comprehension; Language production; Semantic memory; Word meaning

PMID:
25791750
PMCID:
PMC5951625
DOI:
10.1016/j.cogpsych.2015.02.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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