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Heart Vessels. 2016 Mar;31(3):402-7. doi: 10.1007/s00380-015-0627-7. Epub 2015 Mar 19.

Beneficial effects of losartan for prevention of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with sick sinus syndrome: analysis with memory function of pacemaker.

Author information

1
Division of Cardio-Vascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume, 830-0011, Japan.
2
Division of Cardio-Vascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume, 830-0011, Japan. inage@med.kurume-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors may be useful in preventing the occurrence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). However, evaluation of such effect is difficult because many PAF episodes are asymptomatic and not all episodes are detected by intermittent electrocardiographic monitoring. A pacemaker has been developed with dedicated functions for AF detection and electrocardiogram storage. Accordingly, we examined the effect of losartan, an angiotensin receptor blocker on PAF occurrence using this new modality. We enrolled 70 consecutive patients who had undergone dual-chamber pacemaker implantation for sick sinus syndrome. Finally, 62 patients participated in the study. Thirty patients were randomized to the losartan group (mean 43 ± 12 mg/day) and 32 patients to the control group. They were followed up for 3 months. The frequency, the maximum duration and the total duration of PAF recorded by the stored electrocardiograms for the last 1 month during the observation period and study period were compared between the two groups. The change in the frequency of PAF from the observation period in the losartan and control groups was similar (-35 ± 25 vs. -67 ± 62 times; NS). However, the change in the maximum duration and the total duration of PAF was significantly shorter in the losartan group than in the control group (-493 ± 158 vs. -10 ± 69 min; p < 0.05, and -4007 ± 2334 vs. 1119 ± 714 min; p < 0.05, respectively). Losartan suppressed the maximum duration and the total duration of PAF in patients with sick sinus syndrome without hemodynamic changes. This is the first study to show the effect of a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor on the secondary prevention of PAF using the dedicated functions of a pacemaker for PAF detection and electrocardiogram storage.

KEYWORDS:

Angiotensin receptor blocker; Atrial fibrillation; Pacemaker; Renin–angiotensin system

PMID:
25787020
DOI:
10.1007/s00380-015-0627-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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