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Eur J Neurol. 2015 Jun;22(6):967-72. doi: 10.1111/ene.12693. Epub 2015 Mar 19.

Susceptibility vessel sign on T2* magnetic resonance imaging and recanalization results of mechanical thrombectomy with stent retrievers: a multicentre cohort study.

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Department of Neuroradiology, INSERM UMR S894, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Hôpital Sainte-Anne, Paris, France; Department of Neuroradiology, CHU Reims, Hôpital Maison Blanche, Université de Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France.



The susceptibility vessel sign (SVS) on T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging has been reported in several studies as a negative predictor of early recanalization after intravenous thrombolysis. The meaning of SVS regarding the results of mechanical thrombectomy with stent retrievers was investigated.


Susceptibility vessel sign presence and length were studied in 153 acute ischaemic stroke patients (82 men; mean ± SD age 59 ± 17 years, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score 17.2 ± 6.5) from three stroke centres, treated with either mechanical thrombectomy alone (n = 84) or bridging therapy (n = 69). Variables were compared between recanalizers, defined as thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) scores ≥2b, and non-recanalizers (TICI<2b).


The SVS was present in 113 (73.8%) patients. There was no association between the presence of SVS and recanalization, obtained in 86 (56.2%) patients, in the whole population [odds ratio (OR) 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53-2.92, P = 0.84) and in treatment subgroups (bridging: OR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.29-2.87, P = 1.0; thrombectomy alone: OR = 1.85, 95% CI 0.48-7.16, P = 0.54). However, in SVS+ patients, recanalization decreased with SVS length (OR 0.94 for each additional mm, 95% CI 0.89-0.99; P = 0.02).


The success of recanalization in acute stroke patients treated with stent retrievers was related to thrombus length but not to the presence of SVS.


ischaemic stroke; magnetic resonance imaging; thrombectomy; thrombus

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