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J Strength Cond Res. 2015 Oct;29(10):2888-93. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000939.

Postexercise Hypotension After Continuous, Aerobic Interval, and Sprint Interval Exercise.

Author information

1
1Healthy Lifestyles Research Center, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona; and 2Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Unit, Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Abstract

We examined the effects of 3 exercise bouts, differing markedly in intensity, on postexercise hypotension (PEH). Eleven young adults (age: 24.6 ± 3.7 years) completed 4 randomly assigned experimental conditions: (a) control, (b) 30-minute steady-state exercise (SSE) at 75-80% maximum heart rate (HRmax), (4) aerobic interval exercise (AIE): four 4-minute bouts at 90-95% HRmax, separated by 3 minutes of active recovery, and (d) sprint interval exercise (SIE): six 30-second Wingate sprints, separated by 4 minutes of active recovery. Exercise was performed on a cycle ergometer. Blood pressure (BP) was measured before exercise and every 15-minute postexercise for 3 hours. Linear mixed models were used to compare BP between trials. During the 3-hour postexercise, systolic BP (SBP) was lower (p < 0.001) after AIE (118 ± 10 mm Hg), SSE (121 ± 10 mm Hg), and SIE (121 ± 11 mm Hg) compared with control (124 ± 8 mm Hg). Diastolic BP (DBP) was also lower (p < 0.001) after AIE (66 ± 7 mm Hg), SSE (69 ± 6 mm Hg), and SIE (68 ± 8 mm Hg) compared with control (71 ± 7 mm Hg). Only AIE resulted in sustained (>2 hours) PEH, with SBP (120 ± 9 mm Hg) and DBP (68 ± 7 mm Hg) during the third-hour postexercise being lower (p ≤ 0.05) than control (124 ± 8 and 70 ± 7 mm Hg). Although all exercise bouts produced similar reductions in BP at 1-hour postexercise, the duration of PEH was greatest after AIE.

PMID:
25785706
DOI:
10.1519/JSC.0000000000000939
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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