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Psychol Health Med. 2016;21(1):102-12. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2015.1020317. Epub 2015 Mar 18.

Coping styles in adults with cystic fibrosis: implications for emotional and social quality of life.

Author information

1
a School of Psychology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences , Ulster University, Magee Campus , Northern Ireland, Londonderry, Co. Derry , BT48 7JL , United Kingdom.

Abstract

As life expectancy increases, interest has grown surrounding the factors that may influence quality of life (QOL) for people with cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of the current study was to examine which specific coping styles were positively or negatively associated with social and emotional QOL in a CF sample. One hundred and twenty-two respondents aged 18 and over were recruited through an online support group. Respondents completed the 'CF Questionnaire-Revised (CFQ-R)' and the 'Brief COPE'. The CFQ-R is a disease-specific instrument designed to measure the impact of CF on nine QOL domains and the Brief COPE is a 28 item questionnaire which assesses 14 coping scales. A multivariate regression model revealed that higher substance abuse and disengagement was associated with lower emotional QOL whereas greater use of religion, instrumental coping and acceptance was positively associated with emotional QOL. Active coping was linked to better social QOL and a negative association was reported between distraction coping with both emotional and social domains. Given the burden of CF, ascertaining which factors enhance or diminish emotion and social well-being is now an integral component of QOL research. The current findings may therefore have value in informing clinical interventions which aim to cater for the psychological needs of individuals with CF.

KEYWORDS:

coping; cystic fibrosis (CF); emotional; quality of life; social

PMID:
25783850
DOI:
10.1080/13548506.2015.1020317
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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