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J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jul;50(7):1196-200. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.10.050. Epub 2014 Nov 20.

Passing the baton: The pediatric surgical perspective on transition.

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Pediatric Surgery, Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI, United States. Electronic address:
Anesthesia and Biostatistics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.
Pediatric Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.



Transition of care from pediatric to adult providers is garnering intense national interest in pediatrics but is largely driven by nonsurgeons. We sought to describe the preferences of pediatric surgeons and their current transition practice patterns for various populations and wondered whether gender, experience, or practice setting affected surgeons' perspectives.


All American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) members were surveyed electronically. Responses were voluntary and confidential.


Survey response rate was 22%. Most surgeons (95%) treated patients up to 22 years of age, and many cared for older patients (23-26 years, 49%; 27-30 years, 25%; 31-40 years, 18%; >40 years, 13%). Developmentally delayed adults comprised a significant portion of this population (54%). Congenital conditions such as Hirschsprung disease (25%), anorectal malformations (22%) and cystic fibrosis (22%) were most commonly reported. About half (52%) of respondents reported institutional limits for age. Lack of qualified adult surgeons was felt to be the greatest barrier to transition (p<0.001). Experience, gender and practice type did not significantly affect opinions of transition.


Pediatric surgeons care for adult patients with a variety of surgical conditions, particularly those with developmental delay and congenital anomalies. The perception of a deficit of qualified adult providers warrants further exploration. Understanding the barriers to surgical transition represents a critical step in improving the quality and appropriateness of care transitions.


Adolescent surgery; Barriers to transition; Pediatric surgical outcomes; Transition

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