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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2015 Apr;36(4):381-6. doi: 10.1017/ice.2014.78.

Regional infection control assessment of antibiotic resistance knowledge and practice.

Author information

1Communicable Disease Program,Chicago Department of Public Health,Chicago,Illinois.
2Division of Infectious Diseases,Cook County Health and Hospitals System,Chicago,Illinois.
3Division of Infectious Diseases,Rush University Medical Center,Chicago,Illinois.
4Infection Prevention and Control,Rush University Medical Center,Chicago,Illinois(during the time of the survey; current affiliation is Illinois Department of Public Health, Office of Health Protection, Chicago, Illinois).
5Communicable Disease Program,Cook County Department of Public Health,Oak Forest,Illinois(during the time of the survey; current affiliation is Epidemiology Branch, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia).



Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) are an increasing burden among healthcare facilities. We assessed facility-level perceived importance of and responses to various MDROs.


A pilot survey to assess staffing, knowledge, and the perceived importance of and response to various multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs)


Acute care and long-term healthcare facilities


In 2012, a survey was distributed to infection preventionists at ~300 healthcare facilities. Pathogens assessed were Clostridium difficile, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, multidrug-resistant (defined as bacterial resistance to ≥3 antibiotic classes) Pseudomonas, and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli.


A total of 74 unique facilities responded, including 44 skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and 30 acute care facilities (ACFs). While ACFs consistently isolated patients with active infections or colonization due to these MDROs, SNFs had more variable responses. SNFs had more multi-occupancy rooms and reported less specialized training in infection control and prevention than did ACFs. Of all facilities with multi-occupancy rooms, 86% employed a cohorting practice for patients, compared with 50% of those without multi-occupancy rooms; 20% of ACFs and 7% of SNFs cohorted staff while caring for patients with the same MDRO. MRSA and C. difficile were identified as important pathogens in ACFs and SNFs, while CRE importance was unknown or was considered important in <50% of SNFs.


We identified stark differences in human resources, knowledge, policy, and practice between ACFs and SNFs. For regional control of emerging MDROs like CRE, there is an opportunity for public health officials to provide targeted education and interventions. Education campaigns must account for differences in audience resources and baseline knowledge.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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