Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 May;100(5):1765-70. doi: 10.1210/jc.2014-4298. Epub 2015 Mar 17.

Factors associated with islet yield and insulin independence after total pancreatectomy and islet cell autotransplantation in patients with chronic pancreatitis utilizing off-site islet isolation: Cleveland Clinic experience.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism (P.C.J., Y.K.L., C.F., B.A.H.), and Department of General Surgery, Digestive Disease Institute (R.M.W.), Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195; Department of Pediatrics (R.B., M.T.), Division of Immunogenetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213; and Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Digestive Disease Institute (T.K.S.), and Department of Biostatistics, Quantitative Health Sciences (J.B.), Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, 44195.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Total pancreatectomy (TP) with islet cell autotransplantation (IAT) can reduce or prevent diabetes by preserving beta cell function and is normally performed with on-site isolation laboratory facilities.

OBJECTIVE:

We examined factors associated with islet yield and metabolic outcomes in patients with chronic pancreatitis undergoing TP-IAT. We report our experience of TP-IAT with an off-site islet isolation laboratory.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Data (August 2008 to February 2014) were obtained from a TP-IAT database which included information from medical records, clinic visits, questionnaires, and follow-up telephone calls. Each patient was assessed with pre- and postoperative 5-hour mixed-meal tolerance tests for metabolic measurements and with serial glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) determinations.

RESULTS:

Thirty-six patients with a mean age of 38 years (range, 16-72 y) underwent TP-IAT for different etiologies. At a median follow-up time of 28 months (range, 3-66 mo), 12 patients were insulin independent and 24 patients were on at least one insulin injection a day. Postoperatively, C-peptide levels ≥0.3 ng/mL were present in 23/33 (70%) of the patients, with a median fasting C-peptide value of 0.8 ng/mL (range, <0.2-1.5 ng/mL). Those who were insulin independent were more likely to be female (P = .012), have normal morphology on pre-operative pancreatic imaging (P = .011), and have significantly higher median islet yield (6845 islet equivalent numbers [IEQ]/kg, n = 12 vs 3333 IEQ/kg, n = 24; P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS:

IAT after TP performed in our facility with an off-site islet isolation laboratory shows islet yield and rates of insulin independence that are comparable to other large centers with on-site laboratories.

PMID:
25781357
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2014-4298
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center