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J Immunol. 1985 Jan;134(1):512-7.

Normal function of CR1 on affected erythrocytes of patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.


Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired hemolytic anemia in which affected erythrocytes (E) are abnormally sensitive to lysis by autologous complement. Affected E from patients with PNH (PNH-E) are deficient in an E membrane regulatory protein of complement, decay-accelerating factor (DAF). Because a functional defect in a second membrane regulatory protein of complement, CR1 (C3b receptor), has also been hypothesized, severely affected PNH-E (type III PNH-E) were tested for abnormalities in CR1 by four methods. E from two patients with 100% type III PNH-E had 3201 and 6783 sites per cell for binding of 125I-labeled rabbit polyclonal F(ab')2 anti-CR1. These values fall within the normal range of CR1 antigenic sites per cell (1267 to 7915, mean = 5,014 +/- 155 SEM) established by assaying the E from 113 healthy donors. The Ka of CR1 on type III PNH-E for 125I-labeled C3b dimer was 2.06 X 10(7) M-1, and the Ka values for the binding of the same ligand to the E from two healthy individuals were 2.45 X 10(7) M-1 and 1.58 X 10(7) M-1. In an assay designed to measure the capacity of human E (Eh) to accelerate the decay of the classical C3 convertase deposited on 1 X 10(7) bystander sheep E (EAC1gp,4bh,2agp), the half-life (t 1/2) of this convertase was diminished from 18.1 min (range 15.2 to 22.9) to 8.1 min (range 7.4 to 8.5) by the addition of 1 X 10(7) normal Eh, to 6.2 min by 100% type III PNH-E, and to 7.5 min by Eh pretreated with an IgG fraction of human antiserum directed against the D antigen of the Rh system. In contrast, Eh (t 1/2 = 7.4) pretreated with a saturating dose of F(ab')2 anti-CR1, and CR1-deficient Eh (less than 10 CR1 molecules/E) from a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus, showed a loss of convertase decay-accelerating capacity to t 1/2 = 11.6 and t 1/2 = 12.4, respectively. Type III PNH-E pretreated with anti-CR1 demonstrated a total loss of their decay-accelerating capacity (t 1/2 = 19.9). In an assay of I cofactor activity, soluble C3b was rapidly converted to iC3b by purified I plus Eh or type III PNH-E, whereas CR1-deficient Eh exhibited less than 5% the I cofactor activity of normal Eh.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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