Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Med Res. 2015 May;7(5):339-47. doi: 10.14740/jocmr2082w. Epub 2015 Mar 1.

Nurse-led psychological intervention after physical traumas: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Research and Development, Division of Critical Care, Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Oslo, Norway ; Department of Acute Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
2
Department of Behavioral Sciences in Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway.
3
Unit of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
4
Department of Behavioral Sciences in Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway ; Department of Acute Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Emergency room nurses were trained to provide a short-term psychological intervention in physically injured patients with Impact of Event Scale (IES) scores > 20. The aims were to study the effects of the psychological intervention relative to usual care (UC).

METHODS:

In a randomized controlled trial, psychological distress, daily functioning and the personality traits optimism/pessimism were compared with patients who received the UC. The interventions were provided 1 - 3 months after discharge.

RESULTS:

The IES scores were significantly reduced in both groups at 3 months (intervention: 41.1 - 28.6, P < 0.001 vs. UC: 35.4 - 26.2, P < 0.001), but not significantly different between groups. Baseline IES score was a significant predictor of IES scores at 3 (β = 0.4, P < 0.05) and 12 months (β = 0.3, P < 0.05), whereas overall daily functioning at 3 months predicted IES scores at 12 months (β = -0.5, P < 0.001). Patients receiving intervention became significantly more optimistic during the year, and had an increase in overall daily functioning from 3 to 12 months (P < 0.001). Patients declining intervention were more pessimistic and had lower daily functioning. Patients who talked with nurses with more training in psychological processing had a larger reduction in IES symptoms at 3 months (β = -0.3, P = 0.081).

CONCLUSION:

The nurse-led intervention had a significant effect on optimism and overall daily functioning. Nurses may become a low-cost option to perform short-term psychological interventions with physically injured hospitalized patients.

KEYWORDS:

Physically injured patients; Posttraumatic stress; Randomized controlled trial; Short-term psychological intervention

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central Icon for Norwegian BIBSYS system
Loading ...
Support Center