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Int J Mol Sci. 2015 Mar 12;16(3):5762-78. doi: 10.3390/ijms16035762.

Phenolic composition and antioxidant properties of different peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] cultivars in China.

Zhao X1,2, Zhang W3,4, Yin X5,6,7, Su M8, Sun C9,10,11, Li X12,13,14, Chen K15,16,17.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. zhaoxiaoyong-1989@163.com.
2
The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. zhaoxiaoyong-1989@163.com.
3
Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. nawen2007@163.com.
4
The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. nawen2007@163.com.
5
Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. xuerenyin@zju.edu.cn.
6
The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. xuerenyin@zju.edu.cn.
7
Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. xuerenyin@zju.edu.cn.
8
Forestry and Pomology Research Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 20l403, China. mingshensu@hotmail.com.
9
Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. adesun2006@zju.edu.cn.
10
The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. adesun2006@zju.edu.cn.
11
Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. adesun2006@zju.edu.cn.
12
Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. xianli@zju.edu.cn.
13
The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. xianli@zju.edu.cn.
14
Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. xianli@zju.edu.cn.
15
Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. akun@zju.edu.cn.
16
The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. akun@zju.edu.cn.
17
Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China. akun@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

China is an important centre of diversity for Prunus persica. In the present study, 17 Chinese peach cultivars were evaluated for phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Neochlorogenic acid (NCHA), chlorogenic acid (CHA), procyanidin B1 (B1), catechin (CAT), cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), quercetin-3-O-galactoside (Q3GAL), quercetin-3-O-glucoside (Q3GLU), quercetin-3-O-rutinoside (Q3R), and kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (K3R) were identified and quantified. CHA and CAT were the predominant components in both the peel and pulp of this fruit. In general, peel extracts showed higher antioxidant activities than the pulp counterparts, consistent with the observed higher phenolic content. The melting peach cultivar "Xinyu" showed the highest antioxidant potency composite (APC) index. The principal component analysis (PCA) of peel phenolics showed a clear distinction between the melting peach and nectarine. Overall, peach cultivars rich in hydroxycinnamates and flavan-3-ols showed relatively higher antioxidant activities and might be excellent sources of phytochemicals and natural antioxidants.

PMID:
25775157
PMCID:
PMC4394504
DOI:
10.3390/ijms16035762
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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