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Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2015 Apr;24(2):291-303. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2014.12.004.

The role of schools in substance use prevention and intervention.

Author information

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA. Electronic address: meg.benningfield@Vanderbilt.Edu.
Division of Substance Dependence, School of Medicine, Mail Stop F478, 12469 East 17th Place, Building 400, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.
Center for School Mental Health, Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 737 West Lombard Street, 426, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.


Schools provide an ideal setting for screening, brief interventions, and outpatient treatment for substance use disorders (SUD). Individual treatment for SUD is effective at decreasing substance use as well as substance-related harm. In some contexts, rather than being helpful, group interventions can result in harm to participants; therefore, individual treatment may be preferred. Early interventions for adolescents who are using alcohol and other drugs (AOD) are generally effective in decreasing frequency and quantity of AOD use as well as decreasing risky behaviors.


Adolescent; School mental health; Substance use disorder

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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