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Matrix Biol. 2015 May-Jul;44-46:113-21. doi: 10.1016/j.matbio.2015.03.002. Epub 2015 Mar 11.

Matrix remodeling by MMPs during wound repair.

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Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA USA.
Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA USA. Electronic address:


Repair following injury involves a range of processes - such as re-epithelialization, scar formation, angiogenesis, inflammation, and more - that function, often together, to restore tissue architecture. MMPs carry out diverse roles in all of these activities. In this article, we discuss how specific MMPs act on ECM during two critical repair processes: re-epithelialization and resolution of scar tissue. For wound closure, we discuss how two MMPs - MMP1 in human epidermis and MMP7 in mucosal epithelia - facilitate re-epithelialization by cleaving different ECM or ECM-associated proteins to affect similar integrin:matrix adhesion. In scars and fibrotic tissues, we discuss that a variety of MMPs carry out a diverse range of activities that can either promote or limit ECM deposition. However, few of these MMP-driven activities have been demonstrated to be due a direct action on ECM.


Cell adhesion; Fibrosis; Integrin; Re-epithelialization; Scar

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