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J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Jun;22(6):976-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2014.11.032. Epub 2015 Mar 11.

An integrative analysis of treatment, outcomes and prognostic factors for primary spinal anaplastic ependymomas.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, No. 415 FengYang Road, Shanghai 200003, China.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, No. 415 FengYang Road, Shanghai 200003, China. Electronic address: chunluocznwk@163.com.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of treatment modalities in primary spinal anaplastic ependymomas (PSAE) and identify promising prognostic factors. PSAE are rare tumors of the central nervous system with poorly understood clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes. We reviewed the literature in PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases to identify patients with PSAE. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis and univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis were performed on the PSAE patients and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were assessed to evaluate the clinical outcomes. Of the 40 patients with PSAE, the tumors were mostly intramedullary (n=19; 47.5%) and frequently involved the thoracic cord (n=25; 62.5%). Eighteen patients suffered recurrence during the follow-up with a median PFS of 24 months. The 1, 2, and 5year OS rates of the PSAE patients were 91.5%, 82.1%, and 63.1%, respectively. Gross total resection (GTR) was independently associated with prolonged PFS (hazard ratio [HR] 0.11; p=0.004) and OS (HR 0.11; p=0.003) in the multivariate analysis. Adjuvant radiotherapy also conferred improved PFS (HR 0.15; p=0.008) and OS (HR 0.16; p=0.022). Age, sex, tumor location and chemotherapy did not influence the outcomes in this group. The results of our study suggest that GTR and adjuvant radiotherapy are strong prognostic indicators in patients with PSAE and the role of chemotherapy is yet to be defined.

KEYWORDS:

Anaplastic ependymoma; Chemotherapy; Prognosis; Radiotherapy; Spinal cord; Surgery

PMID:
25769252
DOI:
10.1016/j.jocn.2014.11.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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