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Nutrients. 2015 Mar 11;7(3):1841-58. doi: 10.3390/nu7031841.

Food group and micronutrient intake adequacy among children, adults and elderly women in Greece.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, 70 El Venizelou Avenue, Kallithea 17671, Athens, Greece. manios@hua.gr.
2
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, 70 El Venizelou Avenue, Kallithea 17671, Athens, Greece. gmoschi@hua.gr.
3
EnviNHealth S.A., Vasilissis Sofias 22, Marousi 151 24, Athens, Greece. gmoschi@hua.gr.
4
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, 70 El Venizelou Avenue, Kallithea 17671, Athens, Greece. evagram@hua.gr.
5
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University of Athens, 70 El Venizelou Avenue, Kallithea 17671, Athens, Greece. cmavrog@hua.gr.
6
FrieslandCampina, Stationsplein 4, Post Box 1551, Amersfoort 3800 BN, the Netherlands. ellen.vandenheuvel@frieslandcampina.com.
7
FrieslandCampina, Stationsplein 4, Post Box 1551, Amersfoort 3800 BN, the Netherlands. rolf.bos@frieslandcampina.com.
8
FrieslandCampina, Stationsplein 4, Post Box 1551, Amersfoort 3800 BN, the Netherlands.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to record the percentage of children, adults and elderly women in Greece meeting food and micronutrient intake recommendations. Additionally, the present study was aiming to identify the main food contributors of micronutrient intakes and assess the degree up to which meeting food intake recommendations also ensures micronutrient intake adequacy. Dietary intake data from three studies conducted in Greece (on 9-13-year-old children; 40-60-year-old adults; and 50-75-year-old women) were used to estimate mean intakes, the percentages of subjects meeting food and nutrient intake recommendations and the contribution of six core food groups to nutrient intake adequacy. The present study showed that more than 50% of children, adults and elderly women were failing to consume the recommended portions of vegetables, dairy and grains. Furthermore, children and adults consuming the recommended portions of individual core food groups had significantly lower percentages of inadequate micronutrient intakes compared to their counterparts not meeting food intake recommendations (p < 0.05). Nevertheless, even among those consuming the recommended portions from a specific core food group, the recommended intake of the corresponding micronutrient (for which this food group is the main contributor) was not always met. Indicatively, 18.2%-44.1% and 4.2%-7.0% of the populations under study were not meeting calcium and vitamin C intake recommendations, although they were consuming the recommended portions of dairy and fruits, respectively. In conclusion, these findings highlight the importance for public health policy makers to take all necessary initiatives to support the population in achieving the recommended intakes from all core food groups, but also emphasize on food variety to ensure adequate intake for all micronutrients.

PMID:
25768954
PMCID:
PMC4377885
DOI:
10.3390/nu7031841
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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