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PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Mar 13;9(3):e0003566. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003566. eCollection 2015 Mar.

Comparative analysis of field-isolate and monkey-adapted Plasmodium vivax genomes.

Author information

1
Genomic Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America; Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America.
2
Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
3
Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America.
4
Genomic Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America.

Abstract

Significant insights into the biology of Plasmodium vivax have been gained from the ability to successfully adapt human infections to non-human primates. P. vivax strains grown in monkeys serve as a renewable source of parasites for in vitro and ex vivo experimental studies and functional assays, or for studying in vivo the relapse characteristics, mosquito species compatibilities, drug susceptibility profiles or immune responses towards potential vaccine candidates. Despite the importance of these studies, little is known as to how adaptation to a different host species may influence the genome of P. vivax. In addition, it is unclear whether these monkey-adapted strains consist of a single clonal population of parasites or if they retain the multiclonal complexity commonly observed in field isolates. Here we compare the genome sequences of seven P. vivax strains adapted to New World monkeys with those of six human clinical isolates collected directly in the field. We show that the adaptation of P. vivax parasites to monkey hosts, and their subsequent propagation, did not result in significant modifications of their genome sequence and that these monkey-adapted strains recapitulate the genomic diversity of field isolates. Our analyses also reveal that these strains are not always genetically homogeneous and should be analyzed cautiously. Overall, our study provides a framework to better leverage this important research material and fully utilize this resource for improving our understanding of P. vivax biology.

PMID:
25768941
PMCID:
PMC4358935
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pntd.0003566
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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