Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Audiol. 2015;54(9):599-604. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2015.1014577. Epub 2015 Mar 13.

Investigating the association between tinnitus severity and symptoms of depression and anxiety, while controlling for neuroticism, in a large middle-aged UK population.

Author information

1
* National Institute for Health Research Nottingham Hearing Biomedical Research Unit, Otology and Hearing Group, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Nottingham , UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Clinical studies indicate increased risk for depression and anxiety among tinnitus patients. However population data are scarce, and no studies have controlled for neuroticism. We examined associations between tinnitus and symptoms of depression and anxiety in a large UK population, controlling for neuroticism, to explore whether neuroticism, as previously reported, fully explains the association between symptoms of depression and anxiety, and tinnitus.

DESIGN:

We used the UK Biobank resource.

STUDY SAMPLE:

171 728 participants answered hearing questions.

RESULTS:

Using generalized linear modelling, we examined associations between tinnitus (mild to severe) and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Controlling for neuroticism, patients with severe tinnitus were at increased risk of depression (odds ratio (OR) = 1.27) and anxiety (OR = 1.11) symptoms, compared to those without tinnitus.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although it is not possible to determine whether tinnitus is a predisposing factor to depression, these results suggest an association. We suggest further exploration to determine the clinical significance of this association. Early psychosocial intervention aimed at reducing anxiety and depression in patients at increased risk might influence the extent to which tinnitus is experienced as troubling, and therefore psychological distress associated with it. Likewise, with tinnitus patients, assessment for anxiety/depression should be considered.

KEYWORDS:

Tinnitus; aging; demographics/epidemiology; psycho-social/emotional

PMID:
25766493
PMCID:
PMC4673512
DOI:
10.3109/14992027.2015.1014577
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center