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J Cell Mol Med. 2015 Jun;19(6):1183-96. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.12451. Epub 2015 Mar 12.

Regulation of matrix remodelling phenotype in gingival fibroblasts by substratum topography.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.
2
Division of Oral Biology, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.
3
Graduate Program of Biomedical Engineering, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

Abstract

Gingival connective tissue often has a composition resembling that of scar surrounding dental implant abutments. Increased cell adhesion, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression and increased extracellular matrix deposition are a hallmark of fibrotic cells, but how topographic features influence gingival fibroblast adhesion and adoption of the α-SMA positive myofibroblast phenotype associated with scarring is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate whether implant topographies that limit adhesion formation would reduce myofibroblast differentiation and extracellular matrix deposition. Human gingival fibroblasts were cultured on PT (smooth) and SLA (roughened) titanium discs for varying time-points. At 1 and 2 weeks after seeding, incorporation of α-SMA into stress-fibre bundles and fibronectin deposition was significantly higher on PT than SLA surfaces indicating differentiation of the cells towards a myofibroblast phenotype. Analysis of adhesion formation demonstrated that cells formed larger adhesions and more stable adhesions on PT, with more nascent adhesions observed on SLA. Gene expression analysis identified up-regulation of 15 genes at 24 hrs on SLA versus PT associated with matrix remodelling. Pharmacological inhibition of Src/FAK signalling in gingival fibroblasts on PT reduced fibronectin deposition and CCN2 expression. We conclude that topographical features that reduce focal adhesion stability could be applied to inhibit myofibroblast differentiation in gingival fibroblasts.

KEYWORDS:

adhesion formation; dental implant; gingival fibroblasts; integrins; substratum topography; titanium

PMID:
25766369
PMCID:
PMC4459834
DOI:
10.1111/jcmm.12451
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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