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Int Psychogeriatr. 2015 Oct;27(10):1731-7. doi: 10.1017/S1041610215000344. Epub 2015 Mar 13.

Reminiscence and dementia: a therapeutic intervention.

Author information

1
Faculty of Psychology,University of Valencia,Av. Blasco Ibañez,21,Valencia 46010,Spain.
2
Department of Developmental Psychology,Faculty of Psychology,University of Valencia,Av. Blasco Ibañez,21,Valencia 46010,Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dementia is a significant public health problem. One non-pharmacological therapy that has shown its effectiveness is reminiscence, which is a psychological intervention designed to address issues of particular relevance to older adults. The aim of this study was to examine the benefits of an integrative reminiscence program in elderly people with dementia.

METHODS:

A quasi-experimental design and purposeful sampling were conducted at two retirement homes. Forty-two elderly adults with dementia were studied to measure the effect of the therapy (23 in the experimental group and 19 in the control group). The treatment group activity was held in 10 sessions.

RESULTS:

The treatment group significantly improved their depressive symptoms and self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, and environmental mastery.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides support for the effectiveness of integrative reminiscence therapy (RT) as an intervention in people with dementia, especially in reducing depressive symptoms and improving psychological well-being, with the therapy being effective on personal and emotional variables.

KEYWORDS:

dementia; depression; reminiscence; well-being

PMID:
25765779
DOI:
10.1017/S1041610215000344
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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