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J Pharm Pharmacol. 1989 Dec;41(12):829-34.

Pharmacokinetics of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine in rats: application to interspecies scale-up.

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1
Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.

Abstract

The effects of dose on the pharmacokinetics of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine (DDC), a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, have been studied in rats. DDC was administered intravenously at doses of 10, 50, 100 and 200 mg kg-1. Plasma and urine drug concentrations were determined by HPLC. Non-compartmental pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by area/moment analysis. DDC plasma concentrations declined rapidly with a terminal half-life of 0.98 +/- 0.18 h (mean +/- s.d.). No statistically significant differences were observed in pharmacokinetic parameters between the four doses. Total, renal and non-renal clearance values were independent of dose and averaged 1.67 +/- 0.24, 0.78 +/- 0.11, and 0.89 +/- 0.27 L h-1 kg-1, respectively. Approximately 50% of the dose was excreted unchanged in urine. Steady state volume of distribution was also independent of dose and averaged 1.2 +/- 0.21 L kg-1. Protein binding of DDC to rat serum proteins was independent of drug concentration with the fraction of drug bound averaging 0.45 +/- 0.12. Thus, the disposition pattern of DDC in the rat is independent of the administered dose even at high doses. Significant interspecies correlations were found for total, renal and non-renal clearance and steady state volume of distribution. Interspecies scaling resulted in superimposable plasma DDC concentration-time profiles from four laboratory animal species and man. Thus, plasma DDC concentrations in humans can be predicted from pharmacokinetic parameters obtained in laboratory animals.

PMID:
2576444
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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