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J Med Chem. 2015 Apr 23;58(8):3366-92. doi: 10.1021/jm501740a. Epub 2015 Apr 3.

The Discovery of Orally Bioavailable Tyrosine Threonine Kinase (TTK) Inhibitors: 3-(4-(heterocyclyl)phenyl)-1H-indazole-5-carboxamides as Anticancer Agents.

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†Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research, University Health Network, TMDT East Tower, MaRS Centre, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.
‡Campbell Family Cancer Research Institute, University Health Network, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C4, Canada.


The acetamido and carboxamido substituted 3-(1H-indazol-3-yl)benzenesulfonamides are potent TTK inhibitors. However, they display modest ability to attenuate cancer cell growth; their physicochemical properties, and attendant pharmacokinetic parameters, are not drug-like. By eliminating the polar 3-sulfonamide group and grafting a heterocycle at the 4 position of the phenyl ring, potent inhibitors with oral exposure were obtained. An X-ray cocrystal structure and a refined binding model allowed for a structure guided approach. Systematic optimization resulted in novel TTK inhibitors, namely 3-(4-(heterocyclyl)phenyl)-1H-indazole-5-carboxamides. Compounds incorporating the 3-hydroxy-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-8-yl bicyclic system were potent (TTK IC50 < 10 nM, HCT116 GI50 < 0.1 μM), displayed low off-target activity (>500×), and microsomal stability (T(1/2) > 30 min). A subset was tested in rodent PK and mouse xenograft models of human cancer. Compound 75 (CFI-401870) recapitulated the phenotype of TTK RNAi, demonstrated in vivo tumor growth inhibition upon oral dosing, and was selected for preclinical evaluation.

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