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J Periodontol. 2015 Jun;86(6):755-65. doi: 10.1902/jop.2015.140262. Epub 2015 Mar 12.

Associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin d and periodontal pocketing and gingival bleeding: results of a study in a non-smoking population in Finland.

Author information

1
*Department of Periodontology and Geriatric Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
2
†Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
3
‡National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
4
§Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.
5
‖National Institute for Health and Welfare, Kuopio, Finland.
6
¶Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.
7
#National Institute for Health and Welfare, Turku, Finland.
8
**Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Apart from the effects of vitamin D on bone metabolism, it is also known for its immunomodulatory properties. However, so far, it is not clear whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] exerts any beneficial effect on the periodontium. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether the serum level of 25(OH)D is related to periodontal condition, measured by means of pocketing and gingival bleeding.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study is based on a non-smoking subpopulation without diabetes of the Finnish Health 2000 Survey (N = 1,262). Periodontal condition was measured as the number of teeth with deep (≥4 mm) periodontal pockets and the number of bleeding sextants per individual. Serum 25(OH)D level was determined by means of a standard laboratory measurement. Prevalence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using Poisson regression models.

RESULTS:

There were practically no associations between serum 25(OH)D level and teeth with deep (≥4 mm) periodontal pockets or bleeding sextants. A somewhat lower proportion of teeth with deep periodontal pockets was found in higher serum 25(OH)D quintiles among individuals with a good oral hygiene level.

CONCLUSION:

Serum 25(OH)D did not seem to be related to periodontal condition, measured as periodontal pocketing and gingival bleeding in this low-risk, low-25(OH)D status population.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-inflammatories; blood serum; calcidiol; epidemiology; ercalcidiol; periodontitis.

PMID:
25762358
DOI:
10.1902/jop.2015.140262
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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