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Neuron. 1989 Aug;3(2):257-65.

Cycling of actin assembly in synaptosomes and neurotransmitter release.

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Department of Biochemistry, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523.


We have investigated the regulation of actin assembly in whole mouse brain synaptosomes and how that regulation modulates neurotransmitter release. During a 30 s depolarization with high K+, filamentous actin (F-actin) levels, monitored by staining with rhodamine phalloidin, increase dramatically (up to 300% in 3 s), decrease, and increase once again. This F-actin cycling is regulated by pathways both dependent and independent of Ca2+ influx and is markedly affected by exposing synaptosomes to Li+, tetrodotoxin, and diacylglycerol. Measurement of [3H]norepinephrine release from synaptosomes containing entrapped agents that modulate actin assembly (DNAase I or phalloidin) indicates that actin depolymerization is necessary for normal release and that repolymerization limits release.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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