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Biochemistry (Mosc). 2015 Mar;80(3):296-309. doi: 10.1134/S0006297915030050.

FoF1-ATP synthase of Streptomyces fradiae ATCC 19609: structural, biochemical, and functional characterization.

Author information

1
Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia. valerid@rutenia.ru.

Abstract

The patterns of protein phosphorylation in inverted membrane vesicles from the strain Streptomyces fradiae ATCC 19609 were investigated to elucidate the mechanisms of regulation of bacterial membrane bound FoF1-ATP synthase. We found for the first time by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry that the β- and b-subunits of the FoF1-ATP synthase complex undergo phosphorylation; 20 proteins with known functions were identified. All eight subunits of FoF1-ATP synthase, i.e. α, β, γ, δ, ε, a, b, and c, were cloned into Escherichia coli and expressed as recombinant proteins. Using a crude preparation of serine/threonine protein kinases, we demonstrated the phosphorylation of recombinant γ-, β-, α- and ε-subunits. The β-subunit was phosphorylated both as a recombinant protein and in vesicles. Differential phosphorylation of membrane-bound and recombinant proteins can be attributed to different pools of protein kinases in each preparation; in addition, certain steps of FoF1-ATP synthase assembly and function might be accompanied by individual phosphorylation patterns. The structure of the operon containing all subunits and regulatory protein I was identified. The phylogenetic similarity of FoF1-ATP synthase from Streptomyces fradiae ATCC 19609 with the respective proteins in saprophytic and pathogenic (including Mycobacterium tuberculosis) bacteria was investigated. Thus, bacterial serine/threonine protein kinases are important for the regulation of FoF1-ATP synthase. From the practical standpoint, our results provide a basis for designing targeted antibacterial drugs.

PMID:
25761684
DOI:
10.1134/S0006297915030050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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