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Mol Brain. 2015 Feb 11;8:9. doi: 10.1186/s13041-015-0101-6.

Alpha-lipoic acid treatment is neurorestorative and promotes functional recovery after stroke in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea. ckhchoikang@hanmail.net.
2
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. ckhchoikang@hanmail.net.
3
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. mspark@chonnam.ac.kr.
4
Department of Forensic medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. veritas@jnu.ac.kr.
5
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea. ktkim@paik.ac.kr.
6
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea. khs7998@daum.net.
7
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. jtkim@jnu.ac.kr.
8
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. Byeong.Kim@jnu.ac.kr.
9
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. mkkim@jnu.ac.kr.
10
Department of Forensic medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. jtpark@jnu.ac.kr.
11
Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8 Hak-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju, 501-757, Korea. khcho@jnu.ac.kr.

Abstract

The antioxidant properties of alpha-lipoic acid (aLA) correlate with its ability to promote neuroproliferation. However, there have been no comprehensive studies examining the neurorestorative effects of aLA administration after the onset of ischemia. The middle cerebral artery (MCA) of adult rats was occluded for 2 hours and then reperfused. aLA (20 mg/kg) was administered in 71 animals (aLA group) through the left external jugular vein immediately after reperfusion. An equivalent volume of vehicle was administered to 71 animals (control group). Functional outcome, levels of endogenous neural precursors with neurogenesis, glial cell activation, and brain metabolism were evaluated. Immediate aLA administration after reperfusion resulted in significantly reduced mortality, infarct size, and neurological deficit score (NDS) in the test group compared to the control group. Long-term functional outcomes, measured by the rotarod test, were markedly improved by aLA treatment. There was a significant increase in the number of cells expressing nestin and GFAP in the boundary zone and infarct core regions after aLA treatment. Furthermore, significantly more BrdU/GFAP, BrdU/DCX, and BrdU/NeuN double-labeled cells were observed along the boundary zone of the aLA group on days 7, 14, and 28 days, respectively. And brain metabolism using (18)F-FDG microPET imaging was markedly improved in aLA group. The effects of aLA was blocked by insulin receptor inhibitor, HNMPA (AM)3. These results indicate that immediate treatment with aLA after ischemic injury may have significant neurorestorative effects mediated at least partially via insulin receptor activation. Thus, aLA may be useful for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

PMID:
25761600
PMCID:
PMC4339247
DOI:
10.1186/s13041-015-0101-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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