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Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Mar;94(10):e619. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000619.

Triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio predicts cardiovascular outcomes in prevalent dialysis patients.

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From the Division of Nephrology (H-YC, W-CT, Y-LC, S-PH, M-FP, J-YY, Y-SP), Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City; and Division of Nephrology (H-YC, Y-LC, S-PH, M-FP, J-YY, Y-SP), Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.


Triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio, an indicator of atherogenic dyslipidemia, is a predictor of cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in the general population and has been correlated with atherosclerotic events. Whether the TG/HDL-C ratio can predict CV outcomes and survival in dialysis patients is unknown. We performed this prospective, observational cohort study and enrolled 602 dialysis patients (539 hemodialysis and 63 peritoneal dialysis) from a single center in Taiwan followed up for a median of 3.9 years. The outcomes were the occurrence of CV events, CV death, and all-cause mortality during follow-up. The association of baseline TG/HDL-C ratio with outcomes was explored with Cox regression models, which were adjusted for demographic parameters and inflammatory/nutritional markers. Overall, 203 of the patients experienced CV events and 169 patients died, of whom 104 died due to CV events. Two hundred fifty-four patients reached the composite CV outcome. Patients with higher TG/HDL-C levels (quintile 5) had a higher incidence of CV events (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.03, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19-3.47), CV mortality (adjusted HR 1.91, 95% CI 1.07-3.99), composite CV outcome (adjusted HR 2.2, 95% CI 1.37-3.55), and all-cause mortality (adjusted HR 1.94, 95% CI 1.1-3.39) compared with the patients in quintile 1. However, in diabetic dialysis patients, the TG/HDL-C ratio did not predict the outcomes. The TG/HDL-C ratio is a reliable and easily accessible predictor to evaluate CV outcomes and survival in prevalent nondiabetic dialysis patients. NCT01457625.

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