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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2015 Mar-Apr;53(2):158-63.

[Detection of antileptospira antibodies in a vulnerable population of Ixhuatlancillo, Veracruz].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
LADISER Clínicos, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Orizaba, Veracruz, México. emherrera@uv.mx.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira sp. in Ixhuatlancillo residents and their canine pets.

METHODS:

We detected the presence of anti-leptospira antibodies in a population of 29 dogs and 36 canine owners, the study consisted in two phases: 1) Management, invitation and application of surveys; 2) sampling to canines and positive canine owners. The samples were analyzed on the Veracruz State Laboratory, employing the microagglutination technique (MAT). Statistical analysis was performed using a 2 x 2 contingency table in order to know the relationship between two variables to test the possible independence of the two variables using the chi-square test.

RESULTS:

Prevalence of anti-leptospira antibodies in dogs was 66 %, predominantly tarassovi serovar (47 %); and the owners analyzed prevalence was 61 %, which also tarassovi serovar was most prevalent (78 %).

CONCLUSIONS:

Anti-leptospira antibodies were found in dogs (66 %) and its owners; the tarassovi serovar was the most prevalent, so that living with pets is a potent risk factor for infection by this bacterium.

KEYWORDS:

Antibody; Leptospira; Leptospirosis; Seroepidemiologic studies; Serovar

PMID:
25760744
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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