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Genetics. 2015 May;200(1):309-20. doi: 10.1534/genetics.114.172890. Epub 2015 Mar 9.

Survival probability of beneficial mutations in bacterial batch culture.

Author information

1
Applied Mathematics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B7 lwahl@uwo.ca.
2
Applied Mathematics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B7.

Abstract

The survival of rare beneficial mutations can be extremely sensitive to the organism's life history and the trait affected by the mutation. Given the tremendous impact of bacteria in batch culture as a model system for the study of adaptation, it is important to understand the survival probability of beneficial mutations in these populations. Here we develop a life-history model for bacterial populations in batch culture and predict the survival of mutations that increase fitness through their effects on specific traits: lag time, fission time, viability, and the timing of stationary phase. We find that if beneficial mutations are present in the founding population at the beginning of culture growth, mutations that reduce the mortality of daughter cells are the most likely to survive drift. In contrast, of mutations that occur de novo during growth, those that delay the onset of stationary phase are the most likely to survive. Our model predicts that approximately fivefold population growth between bottlenecks will optimize the occurrence and survival of beneficial mutations of all four types. This prediction is relatively insensitive to other model parameters, such as the lag time, fission time, or mortality rate of the population. We further estimate that bottlenecks that are more severe than this optimal prediction substantially reduce the occurrence and survival of adaptive mutations.

KEYWORDS:

adaptation; experimental evolution; fixation probability; life history; serial passaging

PMID:
25758382
PMCID:
PMC4423372
DOI:
10.1534/genetics.114.172890
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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