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RNA Biol. 2015;12(4):457-77. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2015.1014288.

Transcriptional regulation of microRNA-100, -146a, and -150 genes by p53 and NFκB p65/RelA in mouse striatal STHdh(Q7)/ Hdh(Q7) cells and human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells.

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a Crystallography and Molecular Biology Division; Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics ; Bidhannagar, Kolkata , India.


MicroRNA (miRNA) genes generally share many features common to those of protein coding genes. Various transcription factors (TFs) and co-regulators are also known to regulate miRNA genes. Here we identify novel p53 and NFκB p65/RelA responsive miRNAs and demonstrate that these 2 TFs bind to the regulatory sequences of miR-100, -146a and -150 in both mouse striatal and human cervical carcinoma cells and regulate their expression. p53 represses the miRNAs while NFκB p65/RelA induces them. Further, we provide evidence that exogenous p53 inhibits NFκB p65/RelA activity by reducing its nuclear content and competing with it for CBP binding. This suggests for the existence of a functional cross-talk between the 2 TFs in regulating miRNA expression. Moreover, promoter occupancy assay reveals that exogenous p53 excludes NFκB p65/RelA from its binding site in the upstream sequence of miR-100 gene thereby causing its repression. Thus, our work identifies novel p53 and NFκB p65/RelA responsive miRNAs in human and mouse and uncovers possible mechanisms of co-regulation of miR-100. It is to be mentioned here that cross-talks between p53 and NFκB p65/RelA have been observed to define the outcome of several biological processes and that the pro-apoptotic effect of p53 and the pro-survival functions of NFκB can be largely mediated via the biological roles of the miRNAs these TFs regulate. Our observation with cell lines thus provides an important platform upon which further work is to be done to establish the biological significance of such co-regulation of miRNAs by p53 and NFκB p65/RelA.


ChIP, Chromatin immunoprecipitation; Co-IP, Co-immunoprecipitation; NFκB p65/RelA; NFκB, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells; RLU, Relative light unit; RNA POL II, RNA Polymerase II; RNA POL III, RNA Polymerase III; RT-PCR, Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction; TF, Transcriptional factor; TFBS; Transcription factor binding site; WB, Western blot; miR-100; miR-146a; miR-150; miRNA gene regulation; miRNAs, microRNAs; microRNA; p53; p53, tumor protein 53; p65, RELA, RELA; transcription factor; v-rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog A

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