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PLoS One. 2015 Mar 10;10(3):e0116599. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116599. eCollection 2015.

Functional analysis helps to define KCNC3 mutational spectrum in Dutch ataxia cases.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Medical Physiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Neurology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Neurology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
5
Department of Medical Genetics, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 13 (SCA13) is an autosomal dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorder of the cerebellum caused by mutations in the voltage gated potassium channel KCNC3. To identify novel pathogenic SCA13 mutations in KCNC3 and to gain insights into the disease prevalence in the Netherlands, we sequenced the entire coding region of KCNC3 in 848 Dutch cerebellar ataxia patients with familial or sporadic origin. We evaluated the pathogenicity of the identified variants by co-segregation analysis and in silico prediction followed by biochemical and electrophysiological studies. We identified 19 variants in KCNC3 including 2 non-coding, 11 missense and 6 synonymous variants. Two missense variants did not co-segregate with the disease and were excluded as potentially disease-causing mutations. We also identified the previously reported p.R420H and p.R423H mutations in our cohort. Of the remaining 7 missense variants, functional analysis revealed that 2 missense variants shifted Kv3.3 channel activation to more negative voltages. These variations were associated with early disease onset and mild intellectual disability. Additionally, one other missense variant shifted channel activation to more positive voltages and was associated with spastic ataxic gait. Whereas, the remaining missense variants did not change any of the channel characteristics. Of these three functional variants, only one variant was in silico predicted to be damaging and segregated with disease. The other two variants were in silico predicted to be benign and co-segregation analysis was not optimal or could only be partially confirmed. Therefore, we conclude that we have identified at least one novel pathogenic mutation in KCNC3 that cause SCA13 and two additionally potential SCA13 mutations. This leads to an estimate of SCA13 prevalence in the Netherlands to be between 0.6% and 1.3%.

PMID:
25756792
PMCID:
PMC4355074
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0116599
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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