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J Hosp Infect. 1989 Nov;14(4):351-5.

Nosocomial gastroenteritis in paediatric patients.

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Department of Paediatrics, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital.


Between November 1982 and April 1985, 2228 children under the age of 5 years with acute gastroenteritis were admitted to the paediatric isolation ward of Queen Mary Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Hong Kong. In 56.2% the causative agent was identified as rotavirus, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Shigella, Escherichia coli or a combination of these pathogens. Our isolation procedures included cohort nursing of all diarrhoeal patients in two separate rooms (each accommodating 6 patients), barrier gowns and stringent handwashing with chlorhexidine. A total of 163 cases (13.4% of all positive cases) were identified as nosocomial infections. Rotavirus was the responsible agent for nosocomial infection in 128 cases (20% of all rotavirus infection). There were 35 patients with bacterial nosocomial infection, (7% of all the bacterial positive cases). Nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis was 3.4 times more frequent than nosocomial gastroenteritis due to bacterial pathogens. We conclude that modification of our present isolation procedures is necessary in order to reduce rotavirus nosocomial infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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