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Brain Res. 1989 Dec 25;505(1):55-65.

Basal forebrain and mesopontine tegmental projections to the reticular thalamic nucleus: an axonal collateralization and immunohistochemical study in the rat.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

Using a double fluorescence retrograde labeling procedure, the present study sought to determine the degree to which basal forebrain and mesopontine tegmental neurons have axons that innervate both the reticular thalamic nucleus and the cerebral cortex. Immunofluorescence for choline acetyltransferase, somatostatin, and the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin was also performed to elucidate the neurochemical identity of basal forebrain and mesopontine tegmental inputs to the reticular thalamic nucleus. A significant portion (10-15%) of neurons in the basal forebrain and mesopontine tegmentum that were retrogradely labeled from the reticular thalamic nucleus were also found to be retrogradely labeled from the cortex. Many of these neurons stained positively for choline acetyltransferase. Of the basal forebrain neurons retrogradely labeled from the reticular thalamic nucleus, approximately 20% were found to be immunoreactive to choline acetyltransferase, whereas none was stained for somatostatin. A larger portion (up to 50%) of the basal forebrain neurons that were retrogradely labeled from the reticular thalamic nucleus were parvalbumin-immunoreactive, and some of these were also retrogradely labeled from the cortex. These results suggest that a subpopulation of cholinergic and non-cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain and the mesopontine tegmentum may influence simultaneously the activity of neurons in the reticular thalamic nucleus and the cerebral cortex.

PMID:
2575437
DOI:
10.1016/0006-8993(89)90115-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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