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J Refract Surg. 2015 Mar;31(3):196-201. doi: 10.3928/1081597X-20150225-03.

Evaluation of a New Controlled Point Source LED Glare Tester for Disability Glare Detection in Participants With and Without Cataracts.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine glare-induced change during visual acuity testing in patients with and without cataract using the controlled point source light-emitting diode (LED) glare tester (EpiGlare Tester; Epico, LLC, Columbus, OH), a new medical device for identification of glare disability.

METHODS:

This prospective, multicenter study enrolled 40 patients (80 eyes with cataracts) and 49 control subjects (98 eyes without cataracts). Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was measured with and without glare using the EpiGlare Tester as a glare source. Functional visual ability was evaluated using driving and glare subscales from the Refractive Status Vision Profile questionnaire. The primary efficacy measure was change in CDVA measurement with and without glare in patients with senile cataract compared to participants without cataract. Secondary efficacy measures included correlation of the CDVA change caused by functional glare disability and subjective patient and investigator assessments.

RESULTS:

CDVA reduction was greater for patients with cataract, with a mean reduction of -0.49 ± 0.3 logMAR, than for participants without cataracts at -0.13 ± 0.2 logMAR (P < .001). This equates to a 5-line Snellen reduction (0.49 logMAR) in patients with cataracts and a 1-line reduction (-0.13 logMAR) in patients without cataracts. Among patients with cataracts, 83% stated the device accurately represented the difficulty experienced while driving at night (P < .001); among participants without cataracts, 71% reported being minimally affected by glare from the device (P = .003).

CONCLUSIONS:

A new controlled point source LED glare tester demonstrated the adverse effect on visual acuity due to glare in patients with cataract, accurately simulated night driving glare issues for patients with cataracts, and was rated as easy to use and useful by investigators.

PMID:
25751837
DOI:
10.3928/1081597X-20150225-03
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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