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Anticancer Res. 2015 Mar;35(3):1709-13.

Primary malignant melanoma of the breast: case report and review of the literature.

Author information

1
Department of Senology, St. Anna Hospital, Herne, Germany.
2
Department of Hematology/Oncology, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
3
Department of Surgery, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany clemens.tempfer@marienhospital-herne.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Melanoma of the breast is a rare disease and may present as a metastatic manifestation of primary cutaneous melanoma or as primary malignant melanoma of the breast (PMMB). Clinical presentations of PMMB vary and surgery is the mainstay of treatment.

CASE REPORT:

We present the case of a 54-year-old woman with a primary malignant melanoma of the left breast. She was treated with mastectomy, axillary sentinel lymph node excision and primary reconstruction with a tissue expander. Final histology revealed a malignant melanoma with 10 cm in the largest diameter. Molecular characterization by DNA-sequencing showed B-RAF, N-RAS and c-kit wild types. Immunohistochemical characterization demonstrated weak expression of S100 and melan-A and strong expression of polyclonal S100. HMB45, tyrosine kinase and the cytokeratins AE1/AE3 and MNF 116 were not expressed. Lymphoma-specific markers (CD30, CD3, CD20) and sarcoma-specific markers (desmin, actin, CD34) were also negative. The tumor proliferation rate according to Mib1-staining was 90%. Staging of the abdomen, chest, head and bones showed no evidence of metastases. A dermatological examination showed no primary melanoma of the skin. Interferon-alpha was suggested as adjuvant therapy but declined by the patient. With a follow-up of 6 months, the patient is still alive with no evidence of disease.

CONCLUSION:

PMMB is rare and may be successfully treated with surgical excision. Locally advanced PMMB may occur without regional and distant metastases.

KEYWORDS:

Breast cancer; amelanotic; malignant; melanoma; melanotic

PMID:
25750332
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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