Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2015 May;7(3):256-64. doi: 10.4168/aair.2015.7.3.256. Epub 2015 Mar 5.

Antiallergic Function of KR62980, a Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ Agonist, in a Mouse Allergic Rhinitis Model.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.; Sensory Organ Research Center, Seoul National University Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.
4
Sensory Organ Research Center, Seoul National University Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.; Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Seoul National University Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.; Graduate School of Immunology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.; Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea. csrhee@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) has been shown to play an important role in the control of inflammatory responses acting on macrophages, mast cells, T cells and eosinophils. A novel PPAR-γ ligand, KR62980 have been recently focused on due to the lower undesirable effects than other PPAR-γ ligands such as rosiglitazone and pioglitazone. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of KR62980 on nasal symptoms and immunopathological profiles in allergic nasal mucosa in murine allergic rhinitis model.

METHODS:

BALB/c mice were sensitized and challenged intranasally with ovalbumin (OVA). KR62980 was administered intraperitoneally or orally 3 hours before each intranasal OVA challenge.

RESULTS:

Administration of KR62980 significantly decreased the number of nasal rubbing, nasal sneezing, ova-specific IgE and total IgE in serum, secretion of Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-17 from the spleen and eosinophilic infiltration in the nasal mucosa. KR62980 decreased the expression of IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10 mRNAs in the nasal mucosal tissue, while, it elevated the level of IL-10 and IFN-γ in splenocyte culture. KR62980 seemed to decrease IL-17 level in local and systemic level even though it did not reach to statistical significance. The anti-inflammatory effect was more definite when the KR62980 was administered intraorally than intraperitoneally.

CONCLUSIONS:

A novel PPAR-γ ligand, KR62980 can attenuate OVA-induced allergic inflammation in mice mainly through modulation of Th2 cytokines. This finding suggests that PPAR-γ might have a role in the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

KEYWORDS:

Allergic rhinitis; Interleukin-10; Interleukin-17; PPAR gamma; T-Lymphocytes; regulatory

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for The Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology; The Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center