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Biochem J. 1989 Nov 15;264(1):107-13.

Zonation of fatty acid metabolism in rat liver.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

Fatty acid metabolism was studied in periportal and perivenous hepatocytes isolated by the method of Chen & Katz [Biochem. J. (1988) 255, 99-104]. The rate of fatty acid synthesis and the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase were markedly enhanced in perivenous hepatocytes as compared with periportal cells. However, the response of these two parameters to short-term modulation by cellular effectors such as the hormones insulin and glucagon, the phorbol ester 4 beta-phorbol 12 beta-myristate 13 alpha-acetate and the xenobiotics ethanol and acetaldehyde was similar in the two zones of the liver. In addition, perivenous hepatocytes showed a higher capacity of esterification of exogenous fatty acids into both cellular and very-low-density-lipoprotein lipids. Nevertheless, no difference between the two cell sub-populations seemed to exist in relation to the secretion of very-low-density lipoproteins. On the other hand, the rate of fatty acid oxidation was increased in periportal cells. This could be accounted for by a higher activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I and a lower sensitivity of this enzyme to inhibition by malonyl-CoA in the periportal zone. No differences were observed between periportal and perivenous hepatocytes in relation to the short-term response of fatty acid oxidation and carnitine palmitoyltransferase I activity to the cellular modulators mentioned above. In conclusion, our results show that: (i) lipogenesis is achieved at higher rates in the perivenous zone of the liver, whereas the fatty-acid-oxidative process occurs with a certain preference in the periportal area of this organ; (ii) the short-term response of the different fatty-acid-metabolizing pathways to cellular effectors is quantitatively similar in the two zones of the liver.

PMID:
2574974
PMCID:
PMC1133553
DOI:
10.1042/bj2640107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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