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FEBS Lett. 2015 Apr 13;589(9):974-84. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2015.02.035. Epub 2015 Mar 5.

Quantitative assessment of telomerase components in cancer cell lines.

Author information

1
Laboratory of NF-κB Signaling, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), 61 Biopolis Drive, Proteos, Singapore 138673, Singapore; Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 117597, Singapore.
2
Laboratory of NF-κB Signaling, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), 61 Biopolis Drive, Proteos, Singapore 138673, Singapore.
3
Program in Cancer and Stem Cell Biology, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore 169857, Singapore.
4
Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan; Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.
5
Laboratory of NF-κB Signaling, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), 61 Biopolis Drive, Proteos, Singapore 138673, Singapore; Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore 117597, Singapore. Electronic address: vinayt@imcb.a-star.edu.sg.

Abstract

Besides its canonical function of catalyzing the formation of telomeric repeats, many groups have recently reported non-canonical functions of hTERT in particular, and telomerase in general. Regulating transcription is the central basis of non-canonical functions of telomerase. However, unlike reverse transcriptase activity of telomerase that requires only a few molecules of enzymatically active hTERT, non-canonical functions of hTERT or other telomerase components theoretically require several hundred copies. Here, we provide the first direct quantification of all the telomerase components in human cancer cell lines. We demonstrate that telomerase components do not exist in a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio, and there are several hundred copies of hTERT in cells. This provides the molecular basis of hTERT to function in other signaling cascades, including transcription.

KEYWORDS:

Human telomerase RNA; Human telomerase reverse transcriptase; Quantification; Telomerase; Telomerase components; Transcription

PMID:
25749370
DOI:
10.1016/j.febslet.2015.02.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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