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Early Hum Dev. 2015 Apr;91(4):247-52. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.02.003. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

Are sporadic fidgety movements as clinically relevant as is their absence?

Author information

1
Research Unit iDN, Interdisciplinary Developmental Neuroscience, Institute of Physiology, Center for Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria. Electronic address: christa.einspieler@medunigraz.at.
2
Department of Rehabilitation, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, PR China.
3
Research Unit iDN, Interdisciplinary Developmental Neuroscience, Institute of Physiology, Center for Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria.
4
Department of Pediatrics, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, PR China.
5
Research Unit iDN, Interdisciplinary Developmental Neuroscience, Institute of Physiology, Center for Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria; Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
6
Department of Developmental Neuroscience, University of Pisa, Italy; IRCCS Fondazione Stella Maris, Pisa, Italy.
7
Dept. of Neonatology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
8
Division of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Infants with normal fidgety movements at 3 to 5 months after term are very likely to show neurologically normal development, while the absence of fidgety movements is an early marker for an adverse neurological outcome, mainly cerebral palsy (CP). The clinical significance of so-called sporadic fidgety movements (i.e., fidgety movements occur isolated in a few body parts and are of 1- to 3-second-duration) is not yet known.

AIMS:

Our objective was to determine whether infants who had developed CP and had sporadic fidgety movements have a better outcome than infants who did not have fidgety movements.

STUDY DESIGN:

Longitudinal study. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.

SUBJECTS:

61 infants who developed CP (46 male, 15 female; 29 infants born preterm; videoed for the assessment of movements and postures at 9 to 16 weeks post-term age).

OUTCOME MEASURES:

The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) was applied at 3 to 5 years of age.

RESULTS:

There was no difference between children diagnosed with CP who had sporadic fidgety movements at 9 to 16 weeks post-term age (n = 9) and those who never developed fidgety movements (n = 50) with regard to their functional mobility and activity limitation at 3 to 5 years of age. One infant had normal FMs and developed unilateral CP, GMFCS Level I; the remaining infant had abnormal FMs and developed bilateral CP, GMFCS Level II.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is no evidence that the occurrence of occasional isolated fidgety bursts indicates a milder type of CP.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebral palsy; Early marker; Fidgety movements; General movements; Infant; Prediction; Video analysis

PMID:
25748086
PMCID:
PMC5951271
DOI:
10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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