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Fertil Steril. 2015 May;103(5):1190-3. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2015.01.045. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

Freeze-all policy: fresh vs. frozen-thawed embryo transfer.

Author information

1
ORIGEN, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: matheusroque@hotmail.com.
2
ORIGEN, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3
ORIGEN, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
4
ORIGEN, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes between fresh embryo transfer (ET) and frozen-thawed ET (the "freeze-all" policy), with fresh ET performed only in cases without progesterone (P) elevation.

DESIGN:

Prospective, observational, cohort study.

SETTING:

Private IVF center.

PATIENT(S):

A total of 530 patients submitted to controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone-antagonist protocol, and cleavage-stage, day-3 ET.

INTERVENTION(S):

None.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Ongoing pregnancy rates.

RESULT(S):

A total of 530 cycles were included in the analysis: 351 in the fresh ET group (when P levels were ≤1.5 ng/mL on the trigger day); and 179 cycles in the freeze-all group (ET performed after endometrial priming with estradiol valerate, at 6 mg/d, taken orally). For the fresh ET group vs. the freeze-all group, respectively, the implantation rate was 19.9% and 26.5%; clinical pregnancy rate was 35.9% and 46.4%; and ongoing pregnancy rate was 31.1% and 39.7%.

CONCLUSION(S):

The IVF outcomes were significantly better in the group using the freeze-all policy, compared with the group using fresh ET. These results suggest that even in a select group of patients that underwent fresh ET (P levels ≤1.5 ng/mL), endometrial receptivity may have been impaired by COS, and outcomes may be improved by using the freeze-all policy.

KEYWORDS:

Freeze-all; delayed frozen-thawed embryo transfer; embryo cryopreservation; frozen-thawed embryo transfer

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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