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Prev Vet Med. 2015 May 1;119(3-4):232-6. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2015.02.001. Epub 2015 Feb 11.

The prevalence and distribution of Brucella melitensis in goats in Malaysia from 2000 to 2009.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2
Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Electronic address: latiffah@upm.edu.my.
3
Department of Agribusiness and Information System, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
4
Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
5
Department of Veterinary Services Headquarters Putrajaya, Malaysia.
6
Department of Veterinary Services Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
7
Department of Veterinary Services Selangor, Malaysia.
8
Department of Veterinary Services Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Abstract

A study was conducted to describe the prevalence and distribution of zoonotic Brucella melitensis in goats in Peninsular Malaysia. Using serosurveillance data of the last decade (2000-2009) involving 119,799 goats and 3555 farms, the seroprevalence of brucellosis among goats was 0.91% (95% CI=0.86-0.96) and among farms was 7.09% (95% CI=6.27-7.98). The odds of brucellosis was significantly (P<0.05) higher in the later part of the decade, in larger herd size and among the states located in the peninsula as compared to eastern Malaysia. The infection was detected throughout Malaysia but at generally low seroprevalences with states like Perlis that border neighbouring countries having higher seroprevalence of brucellosis than other non-border states.

KEYWORDS:

Brucella melitensis; Distribution; Goats; Malaysia; Prevalence

PMID:
25746928
DOI:
10.1016/j.prevetmed.2015.02.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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