Send to

Choose Destination
Circ J. 2015;79(3):574-82. doi: 10.1253/circj.CJ-14-0865. Epub 2015 Jan 8.

Prognostic impact of statin use in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction.

Author information

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Department of Evidence-based Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine.



The effectiveness of statins remains to be examined in patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (EF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 4,544 consecutive HF patients registered in the Chronic Heart Failure Registry and Analysis in the Tohoku district-2 (CHART-2) between 2006 and 2010, 3,124 had EF ≥50% (HFpEF; mean age 69 years; male 65%) and 1,420 had EF <50% (HF with reduced EF (HFrEF); mean age 67 years; male 75%). The median follow-up was 3.4 years. The 3-year mortality in HFpEF patients was lower in patients receiving statins [8.7% vs. 14.5%, adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.74; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58-0.94; P<0.001], which was confirmed in the propensity score-matched cohort (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.49-0.99; P=0.044). The inverse probability of treatment weighted further confirmed that statin use was associated with reduced incidence of all-cause death (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.62-0.82, P<0.001) and noncardiovascular death (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.43-0.66, P<0.001), specifically reduction of sudden death (HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.36-0.98, P=0.041) and infection death (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.35-0.77, P=0.001) in HFpEF. In the HFrEF cohort, statin use was not associated with mortality (HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.73-1.04, P=0.12), suggesting a lack of statin benefit in HFrEF patients.


These results suggest that statin use is associated with improved mortality rates in HFpEF patients, mainly attributable to reductions in sudden death and noncardiovascular death.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
Loading ...
Support Center