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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 Apr 29;7(16):8345-62. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b00373. Epub 2015 Apr 15.

Paper as a platform for sensing applications and other devices: a review.

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†Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of British Columbia, 2054-6250 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada.
‡Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia, 2332 Main Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada.


Paper is a ubiquitous material that has various applications in day to day life. A sheet of paper is produced by pressing moist wood cellulose fibers together. Paper offers unique properties: paper allows passive liquid transport, it is compatible with many chemical and biochemical moieties, it exhibits piezoelectricity, and it is biodegradable. Hence, paper is an attractive low-cost functional material for sensing devices. In recent years, researchers in the field of science and engineering have witnessed an exponential growth in the number of research contributions that focus on the development of cost-effective and scalable fabrication methods and new applications of paper-based devices. In this review article, we highlight recent advances in the development of paper-based sensing devices in the areas of electronics, energy storage, strain sensing, microfluidic devices, and biosensing, including piezoelectric paper. Additionally, this review includes current limitations of paper-based sensing devices and points out issues that have limited the commercialization of some of the paper-based sensing devices.


and piezoelectric paper; paper devices; paper sensors; wood cellulose fiber

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