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Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2015 Jan-Mar;18(1):1-5. doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.150927.

Management of REM sleep behavior disorder: An evidence based review.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology and Neurophysiology, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, India.
2
Sleep Disorders Clinic, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by dream enactment behavior resulting from a loss of REM skeletal muscle atonia. The neurobiology of REM sleep and the characteristic features of REM atonia have an important basis for understanding the aggravating etiologies the proposed pharmacological interventions in its management. This review outlines the evidence for behavioral and therapeutic measures along with evidence-based guidelines for their implementation, impact on falls, and effect on polysomnography (PSG) while highlighting the non-motor, autonomic, and cognitive impact of this entity. PubMed databases were reviewed upto May 2013 in peer-reviewed scientific literature regarding the pathophysiology and management of RBD in adults. The literature was graded according to the Oxford centre of evidence-based Medicine Levels. An early intervention that helps prevent consequences such as falls and provides a base for intervention with neuroprotective mechanisms and allocates a unique platform that RBD portrays with its high risk of disease conversion with a sufficiently long latency. RBD provides a unique platform with its high risk of disease conversion with a sufficiently long latency, providing an opportunity for early intervention both to prevent consequences such as falls and provide a base for intervention with neuroprotective mechanisms.

KEYWORDS:

Behavioral modification; RBD OR; REM Sleep behavior disorder and treatment; drug therapy including key pharmacological names; medication

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