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Biol Pharm Bull. 2015;38(1):39-47. doi: 10.1248/bpb.b14-00532.

Cardenolide aglycones inhibit tumor necrosis factor α-induced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 at the translation step by blocking Na⁺/K⁺-ATPase.

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  • 1Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology.

Abstract

Cardiac glycosides, which are inhibitors of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, are classified into cardenolides and bufadienolides. We have recently shown that two cardenolide glycosides, ouabain and odoroside A, inhibit Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, thereby preventing nuclear factor κB-inducible protein expression by blocking Na(+)-dependent amino acid transport. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of action of cardenolide aglycones in tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-induced gene expression. Ouabagenin, digitoxigenin, and digoxigenin were found to inhibit the TNF-α-induced cell-surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in human lung carcinoma A549 cells. Those cardenolide aglycones did not inhibit the TNF-α-induced expression of ICAM-1 mRNA, but strongly inhibited the TNF-α-induced expression of ICAM-1 as translation product. The inhibition of the TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression by ouabagenin, digitoxigenin, and digoxigenin was significantly reversed by the ectopic expression of ouabain-resistant rat Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase α1 isoform. Moreover, knockdown of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase α1 isoform augmented the inhibition of the TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression by ouabagenin or ouabain. These results clearly indicate that cardenolide aglycones inhibit the TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression at the translation step by blocking Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase.

PMID:
25744456
DOI:
10.1248/bpb.b14-00532
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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