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Mol Plant. 2015 Mar;8(3):467-78. doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2014.11.025. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Red-light-dependent interaction of phyB with SPA1 promotes COP1-SPA1 dissociation and photomorphogenic development in Arabidopsis.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture (South) Ministry of Agriculture and School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China.
2
National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics (NKLPMG), Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology (SIPPE), Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences (SIBS), Shanghai 200032, China.
3
School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China.
4
Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture (South) Ministry of Agriculture and School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address: hllian@sjtu.edu.cn.
5
School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address: hqyang@sjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Arabidopsis phytochromes (phyA-phyE) are photoreceptors dedicated to sensing red/far-red light. Phytochromes promote photomorphogenic developments upon light irradiation via a signaling pathway that involves rapid degradation of PIFs (PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORS) and suppression of COP1 (CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1) nuclear accumulation, through physical interactions with PIFs and COP1, respectively. Both phyA and phyB, the two best characterized phytochromes, regulate plant photomorphogenesis predominantly under far-red light and red light, respectively. It has been demonstrated that SPA1 (SUPPRESSOR OF PHYTOCHROME A 1) associates with COP1 to promote COP1 activity and suppress photomorphogenesis. Here, we report that the mechanism underlying phyB-promoted photomorphogenesis in red light involves direct physical and functional interactions between red-light-activated phyB and SPA1. We found that SPA1 acts genetically downstream of PHYB to repress photomorphogenesis in red light. Protein interaction studies in both yeast and Arabidopsis demonstrated that the photoactivated phyB represses the association of SPA1 with COP1, which is mediated, at least in part, through red-light-dependent interaction of phyB with SPA1. Moreover, we show that phyA physically interacts with SPA1 in a Pfr-form-dependent manner, and that SPA1 acts downstream of PHYA to regulate photomorphogenesis in far-red light. This study provides a genetic and biochemical model of how photoactivated phyB represses the activity of COP1-SPA1 complex through direct interaction with SPA1 to promote photomorphogenesis in red light.

KEYWORDS:

COP1; SPA1; photoactivation; photomorphogenesis; phyA; phyB

PMID:
25744387
DOI:
10.1016/j.molp.2014.11.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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